Makina odulira mtedza wa magawo awiri

Njira yonse yakukolola mtedzalagawidwa m’magawo akulu awiri: siteji yoyamba ndi yachiwiri.Gawo loyamba limagwiritsa ntchito kukumba, kuchotsa dothi, ndi kuyala pothyola mtedza., kuyeretsa ndi kusonkhanitsa zipatso.Kukolola mtedza wa magawo awiri kumangofunika makina amitundu iwiri yokha: yokolola mtedza ndi yokolola.Njira iyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndimakina okolola mtedzaku United States.

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(1) Gawo loyamba

Ntchito yokolola mtedza imayendetsedwa ndi thirakitala ya mawilo anayi, ndikumalizamakina okolola mtedzakugwira ntchito nthawi imodzi kudzera mu njira zolekanitsa mbande, kukumba, kuthyola nthaka, kugwedeza nthaka ndi kuyala.

Chomera cha 4H-2 chamagulu a chiponde ndi mtundu watsopano wokolola mtedza wofananira ndi wobzala mtedza wochita ntchito zambiri.Makinawa ali ndi chiyembekezo chokwezeka kwambiri pakupanga kwamakono, ndipo amapangidwa makamaka ndi chimango, makina otumizira mphamvu, kukolola gawo loyendetsa galimoto, gawo lokolola, chimbale chophwanyira filimu, gudumu lochepetsa kuya ndi kuyimitsidwa.

Main luso magawo: thandizo mphamvu ndi 8.8 ~ 13kW yaing'ono thalakitala anayi gudumu;kupanga ndi 1000-1400㎡/ola (mizere iwiri imasonkhanitsidwa nthawi imodzi);chiwopsezo ndi chocheperako kapena chofanana ndi 1%;nthaka yokhala ndi mtedza (yowerengedwa ndi misa) <5%;Mtengo wosweka wa Pod <1.5%.

Zinthu zazikuluzikulu: 1. Njira yotsutsana ndi parallelogram yofanana-angle yogwedezeka imagwiritsidwa ntchito kugwirizanitsa mbali zofukula ndi magawo olekanitsa okolola mtedza.Pogwira ntchito, mtedza umakumbidwa poyamba, ndiyeno nthaka imagwedezeka kuti ichotse nthaka, yomwe imazindikira kukumba kwa mtedza ndi kuchotsa nthaka nthawi imodzi..2. Chida chophwanyira filimu ya chimbale chimagwiritsidwa ntchito, chomwe sichimangolekanitsa mizere iwiri yosakanikirana ya mipesa ya mtedza musanayambe kukumba mtedza, komanso kudula filimu ya pulasitiki, kotero kuti filimu ya pulasitiki imamangiriridwa ku mipesa ya peanut, ndipo mipesa ya peanut imasonkhanitsidwa. pokolola, ndipo palibe chotsalira m'nthaka.nembanemba.3. Imayendetsedwa ndi njira ya antiparallelogram kuti ikwaniritse kugwedezeka kwa ngodya yofanana, kotero kuti mphamvu zotsatizana ndi chimango zimayenderana, ndipo unit imagwira ntchito mokhazikika.4. Zigawo zokolola zimasunthira patsogolo, kukana kugwira ntchito kumakhala kochepa, ndipo mphamvu yogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu ya unit imachepetsedwa.

(2) Gawo lachiwiri

Mitengo ya mtedza pamtunda imatengedwa, kuthyoledwa, kutsukidwa ndi kusonkhanitsidwa ndi makina okolola ndi kukolola, kapena kunyamula pamanja ndikudyetsedwa, ndipo makina othyola mtedza amamaliza ntchito yokolola, kuyeretsa ndi kusonkhanitsa zipatso.

Makina othyola mtedza amapangidwa makamaka ndi chimango, gudumu lotulutsa udzu, mpukutu wothyola zipatso, chophimba chotchinga, chowotcha, lamba wonyamula ndi mbale yosinthira mafani.Makina ena othyola zipatso ali ndi mawilo oyenda, omwe ndi oyenera kugwira ntchito ndi mafoni.Makinawa amayenera kuthyoledwa ndi kudyetsedwa, kenako makina othyola mtedza amalize ntchito yothyola, kuyeretsa ndi kutolera zipatso.

Kuthyola mtedza wa Liston 1580 ndimakina oduliraku United States imayendetsedwa ndi thirakitala ya 50-60 kilowatt ndipo imayendetsedwa ndi shaft yotengera mphamvu.Ikagwira ntchito, imatha kutola, kuthyola, kuyeretsa ndi kutolera mbewu zamtedza zomwe zayala pansi.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-09-2022